Therese Malfatti

"Für Elise" by Ludwig van Beethoven

Beethoven, who was known for illegible writing, inscribed the handwritten manuscript with the phrase, “For Elise,” which has been attributed to Elisabeth Röckel, a noted musician and friend of Beethoven’s. But many have asserted that the transcriber misread Beethoven’s scribbling, and that the dedication was actually, “For Therese.”